Due to sparsely inhabited rural areas and contiguous areas of mature forest give plenty of room for mammals – Estonia’s large predators are among Europe’s most vital ones. Although the country is relatively small by area, Estonia’s forests are home to over 600 brown bear, 700 lynx and 150 wolves – almost same numbers as in much larger areas in our  northern neighbours. 

  • The brown bear hibernates from late November to April, but it can be seen in spring with its cubs
  • The lynx, unlike other large predators, is active during daytime and is very curious.  It is not unusual at all to be quietly observed by this big cat from the edge of a forest clearing. Seeing a lynx itself in the wild is quite a stroke of luck.
  • Wolves have been the source of inspiration for many tales in Estonia. They are nocturnal animals and  live in packs of 5-7 individuals. Larger packs may have up to 12 wolves. Their howling can be heard in January and February.

Tracking expeditions are popular in the winter. When the bears have woken from their hibernation, don’t miss the trip to the bear den. Those who don’t have time to take a trip into the forest can watch the bearcam.

Listen to the howling of the wolf: