During high times, Vilsandi was home to over 200 people including fishermen, sailors and seal hunters, but today is home to only one permanent resident – an island guard. A national park was established on the island in 1910.
What to see: Vilsandi lighthouse, built in 1809, and the National Park information point.
Getting there: by ferry from Saaremaa, or by foot if the tide is low
Between World War I and 1991, Aegna was restricted to the public due to military activity. Today visitors can reach Aegna with a short ferry ride from Tallinn and admire the city's silhouette from the sandy shores.
What to see: The old military railroad, 12 mysterious stone circles or a bicycle tour.
Getting there: by ferry from the harbour behind Linnahall, Tallinn
Much like Aegna, Naissaar lies off the coast of Tallinn and all residents were evicted in 1913 when the military took control. Nowadays only one person lives on the islands and a national park has been established.
What to see: central hiking route, Suurupi lighthouses and St. Mary's church
Getting there: by boat from Pirita harbor or Tallinn Fish Market port
Piirissaar is not located on the Baltic, but rather in lake Peipsi, on the Southeastern border of Estonia. A community of Russian Old Believers live on the 7.8 km2 island farming vegetables and fishing. Piirissaar has two sanctuaries protecting rare species of frogs, birds and plants.
What to see: Old Believers' House Museum
Getting there: by ferry from Laaksaare harbour
See www.veeteed.com and www.tuulelaevad.ee for ferry route information.