During that time most of Estonia’s pagan territory was under Christian rule and it lasted until the territorial order of Old-Livland ended after the Livonic War in 1558.

Estonia was part of Old-Livland, a territory divided between the Order of the Brothers of the Sword, two bishoprics and the King of Denmark.

Estonia was also a part of the Hanseatic League – Tallinn, Tartu, Pärnu and Viljandi were official members as is strongly evident from the architecture of these towns. If you take a walk in Tallinn Old Town and look up you will see: old salt, tea and flour warehouses still have the attic doors with hooks used to pull up the cargo.

Tallinn's Old Town is protected by UNESCO: it is the most intact medieval city in Europe. It still has the original street system (from 13th to 15th century) and most of the 14th and 15th century houses in their original size and form. In addition to the numerous houses, barns and warehouses of the general population and traders, all of the main representative/governmental buildings and churches are still intact. It’s truly impressive.

Sense and see medieval history at:

  • Former Hanseatic towns of Estonia as they celebrate their medieval history during “Hanseatic Days” festivals from June to August. Handicrafts, medieval music and traditional competitions, such as “shooting the parrot” or demonstrations of pike-fights usually draw a large crowd and there are plenty of ways to get involved and participate.
  • Towards the end of summer, maritime history fairs take place. Become a viking for a day or visit the old war ships.

In December, visit the open air Christmas markets: biggest of them located in the main square (Raekoja) in Tallinn’s Old Town. Wool, cotton, linen; traditional sweets, beer, smoked food and traditional gifts have made it Estonian’s most popular Christmas shopping destination — especially for tourists.